The following is a translation/summary of pages 220-224 of Matyssek's Handbuch der Notizentechnik.
THe numbering is Matyssek's. In the original you will
find references to examples of each point which are
given elsewhere in
Matyssek's (500 page) work. You can find Matyssek's Symbols basics
Note-taking basics, Matyssek
1. Note the essence of meaning (tragenden Essenz), not the words and pass that on to your audience
2. Start taking notes
soon as the speech
3. Only note what is necessary to in order to interpret. Don't note the obvious, that which is clear from context and that which can be remembered.
4. Names, dates and
are an essential
part of notes.
5. Keywords are the pillars on which meaning is built and are therefore noted.
6. Verticality is an essential part of note-taking. Verticality makes it possible to organise ideas logically and give the correct weight to each part and to quickly and thoroughly get across the speakers line of argument.
lists. It also
makes it possible to note a gap.
7. Margin : by varying the distance from the margin indicates main and subordinate elements are distinguished. "Hierarchisation" of elements is thus visible on the page. This basic skeleton of the speeches meaning aids memorisation of other elements.
8. Horizontal line from the margin between parts of the message (Sinnschritte) prevents ithese parts merging [unintentionally]. It also makes it possible to jump to other iparts of the message if asked to summarise a speech.
11. Noting words makes abbreviation essential. Note the beginning and the end of each word. There will be occassional exceptions to this rule.
position of noted
elements on the page are found in the literature but
are rejected here.
Meaning-based, thus syntactical, hierarchisation is
is Subject Predicate, Object
13. Transmission elements in the chain of thought should be noted at the left of the pad so they stand out.
14. Tenses and moods are almost always essential to meaning and so should be noted.
15. Number [singular or plural] and if necessary gender are meaning-critical and should be noted.
16. Refuting or
down-playing are meaning-critical elements and must be
17. Prepositions should only be noted where absolutely necessary.
18. A slash between
elements in the notes
to denote the Genitive - often meaning-critical -
19. Pronouns are only noted when they serve to clarify contextual meaning.
Demonstrative pronouns are noted when they are meaning-critical for part, or all, or the message.
Interrogative pronouns are to be noted as required.
Personal pronouns - where they define the Subject or change thereof - are to be noted in the margin at the left of the pad.
Possessive pronouns are generally unnecessary.
Relative pronouns can generally be deduced from context and don't need to be noted.
20) Attributes are only noted when a) not clear from context or b) are meaning-critical
21) Comparatives and
meaning-critical and should be noted, if they are not
22) Short-hand does not work as a means for note-taking and should be rejected. However selected borrowings from short-hand are possible.
22) The note-pad
manageable. A6 spiral-bound pads are to be
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